Today our intent was to drive to New Haven, CT to visit several fort sites and markers, but as the day progressed, we decided to drive to New London and Groton. Also, since I had never been to Mystic and we were so close, decided to go there as well. All in all we drove some 200 miles ow and a total of 12 hours, but well worth it.
In New Haven we toured the sight of Fort Nathan Hale and Black Rock Fort located next to each other on Long Island Sound.
Black Rock Fort was constructed in 1776 by order of the Connecticut Colony on a basalt ledge jutting into the harbor in order to protect the approach to the Port of New Haven. On 5 July 1779, British forces attacked the fort and captured its 19 defenders, thus enabling them to march into New Haven. The Fort was abandoned at the close of the Revolution.
Once again the relationship between the Americans and British deteriorated in the early 1800's and a new fortification was erected nearby. This fortification was superior to Black Rock complete with masonry walls, six guns, magazine and barracks for 50 men. During the War of 1812, Fort Hale's cannons proved successful against the British raiders. In 1863, a new Fort Hale was built to deter Southern raiders. The fort had earthen ramparts, five bombproof bunkers, 18 guns and a drawbridge. It saw no action during the Civil War. The forts have undergone some restoration and the hope is that one day a museum will be built.
Our next stop was in the town of Saybrook to visit site of Fort Saybrook the first fortified settlement in New England built in 1636 as a defense against Indian attacks. The Pequot siege of the Fort took place in 1636 and 1637 known as the Pequot War.
I will post a separate blog on our continuing visit to Fort Trumball and Griswold.