Our blog is to keep family and friends informed of our motorhome journeys.
We have dreamed of this for many years and finally our dream has come true.
We are looking forward to many happy miles ahead.
One's destination is never a place, but a new way of seeing things. Henry Miller.

Sunday, July 7, 2013

Fortress of Louisbourg

6 July 2013

This is one fortress we have eagerly anticipated and for good reason.

The Fortress has a complicated and long history spanning over 300 years. Much too complicated for me to relate at this time, but will mention just a short history and suggest those who are interested to google the different sites with wikipedia having a very good site.

When Louisbourg was founded, France was no longer the only European power in Atlantic Canada. One war followed another as the imperial powers sought domination. When the peace treaty at Utrecht, Holland in 1713 was signed, the French were ousted from all but Cape Breton and Prince Edward Island. Since Louisbourg emerged as a vital port of trade, a huge fortress was erected to protect the settlement and its interests of trade and defense. The Fortress had 2 miles of perimeter walls, seven bastions,five guardhouses, four monumental gates, two outlying batteries and more than 100 cannons.

Map of Fortress


Sally Port

Guardhouse

With Cannon Guard

Town Square

Latrique House

View of Town

Barracks and Govenor's Palace

View of Present Day Louisbourg

Dauphin Bastion

King's Ramparts


Courtyard of Governor's Apartments

Town View



View to Gate


One of the Gates



View from Harbor



While touring we viewed the 11:45AM ceremony for the firing of the Cannon.

Firing of the Guns

Preparing the Cannon

Almost Ready


Fire in the Hole


Twice it was attacked and twice it fell,first to New England amateurs in 1745 and a precursor to the war for independence a generation later.
Then in the miid 1750's,another Anglo-French war broke out when 27,000 British soldiers and sailors blockaded and bombarded the town.

To make sure the Fortress of Louisbourg would no longer threaten British colonies the systematic destruction of the fortress was ordered in 1760.

For 200 years the demise remained with the grassy solitude being known as the "Dunkirk of  America". Finally in 1928 it was declared a national historic site and in 1940 a national historic park. In 1960 due to a desperate umemployment problem in Cape Breton as a result of the closing of the  coal mines,miners were employed to reconstruct the Fortress. As of today 1/5 of the Fortress has been reconstructed most being rebuilt on their original foundations. There is much more to do, but the present result is unbelievable. Of all the fortresses and forts we have visited, this is by far the most complete and historically complete.
As it Looked in 1960

Restoration Project

In walking through the Fortress, you get a sense of how life was then with visiting the homes and getting a comemmtary from those depicting the townspeople.
Kitchen

Officer Bedroom

Chapel

Prison

Enlisted Barracks

Children Getting Gun Instruction

Welcome to my Home

In Our Kitchen

Welcome

If in the Cape Breton Louisbourg area, please visit.

I took a lot of photos and had a problem deciding which ones to post.
Allow for a full day. Only downside was 87 degree heat.

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