This is one fortress we have eagerly anticipated and for good reason.
The Fortress has a complicated and long history spanning over 300 years. Much too complicated for me to relate at this time, but will mention just a short history and suggest those who are interested to google the different sites with wikipedia having a very good site.
When Louisbourg was founded, France was no longer the only European power in Atlantic Canada. One war followed another as the imperial powers sought domination. When the peace treaty at Utrecht, Holland in 1713 was signed, the French were ousted from all but Cape Breton and Prince Edward Island. Since Louisbourg emerged as a vital port of trade, a huge fortress was erected to protect the settlement and its interests of trade and defense. The Fortress had 2 miles of perimeter walls, seven bastions,five guardhouses, four monumental gates, two outlying batteries and more than 100 cannons.
|Map of Fortress|
|With Cannon Guard|
|View of Town|
|Barracks and Govenor's Palace|
|View of Present Day Louisbourg|
|Courtyard of Governor's Apartments|
|View to Gate|
|One of the Gates|
|View from Harbor|
While touring we viewed the 11:45AM ceremony for the firing of the Cannon.
|Firing of the Guns|
|Preparing the Cannon|
|Fire in the Hole|
Twice it was attacked and twice it fell,first to New England amateurs in 1745 and a precursor to the war for independence a generation later.
Then in the miid 1750's,another Anglo-French war broke out when 27,000 British soldiers and sailors blockaded and bombarded the town.
To make sure the Fortress of Louisbourg would no longer threaten British colonies the systematic destruction of the fortress was ordered in 1760.
For 200 years the demise remained with the grassy solitude being known as the "Dunkirk of America". Finally in 1928 it was declared a national historic site and in 1940 a national historic park. In 1960 due to a desperate umemployment problem in Cape Breton as a result of the closing of the coal mines,miners were employed to reconstruct the Fortress. As of today 1/5 of the Fortress has been reconstructed most being rebuilt on their original foundations. There is much more to do, but the present result is unbelievable. Of all the fortresses and forts we have visited, this is by far the most complete and historically complete.
|As it Looked in 1960|
In walking through the Fortress, you get a sense of how life was then with visiting the homes and getting a comemmtary from those depicting the townspeople.
|Children Getting Gun Instruction|
|Welcome to my Home|
|In Our Kitchen|
If in the Cape Breton Louisbourg area, please visit.
I took a lot of photos and had a problem deciding which ones to post.
Allow for a full day. Only downside was 87 degree heat.